Firewall events

For general best practices related to events, see Event collection in Deep Security.

To see the firewall events captured by Deep Security, go to Events & Reports > Events > Firewall Events.

Firewall event icons:

  • Single event
  • Single event with data
  • Folded event
  • Folded event with data
Event folding occurs when multiple events of the same type occur in succession. This saves disk space and protects against DoS attacks that may attempt to overload the logging mechanism.

What information is displayed for firewall events?

These columns can be displayed on the firewall events page. You can click Columns to select which columns are displayed in the table.

  • Time: Time the event took place on the computer.
  • Computer: The computer on which this event was logged. (If the computer has been removed, this entry will read "Unknown Computer".)
  • Reason: Log entries on this page are generated either by firewall rules or by firewall stateful configuration settings. If an entry is generated by a firewall rule, the column entry will be prefaced by "Firewall Rule:" followed by the name of the firewall rule. Otherwise the column entry will display the firewall stateful configuration setting that generated the log entry.
  • Tag(s): Event tags that are applied to this event.
  • Action: The action taken by the firewall rule or firewall stateful configuration. Possible actions are: Allow, Deny, Force Allow, and Log Only.
  • Rank: The ranking system provides a way to quantify the importance of intrusion prevention and firewall events. By assigning "asset values" to computers, and assigning "severity values" to intrusion prevention rules and firewall rules, the importance ("rank") of an event is calculated by multiplying the two values together. This allows you to sort events by rank when viewing intrusion prevention or firewall events.
  • Direction: The direction of the affected packet (incoming or outgoing).
  • Interface: The MAC address of the interface through which the packet was traveling.
  • Frame Type: The frame type of the packet in question. Possible values are "IPV4", "IPV6", "ARP", "REVARP", and "Other: XXXX" where XXXX represents the four digit hex code of the frame type.
  • Protocol: Possible values are "ICMP", "ICMPV6", "IGMP", "GGP", "TCP", "PUP", "UDP", "IDP", "ND", "RAW", "TCP+UDP", AND "Other: nnn" where nnn represents a three digit decimal value.
  • Flags: Flags set in the packet.
  • Source IP: The packet's source IP.
  • Source MAC: The packet's source MAC address.
  • Source Port: The packet's source port.
  • Destination IP: The packet's destination IP address.
  • Destination MAC: The packet's destination MAC address.
  • Destination Port: The packet's destination port.
  • Packet Size: The size of the packet in bytes.
  • Repeat Count: The number of times the event was sequentially repeated.
  • Time (microseconds): Microsecond resolution for the time the event took place on the computer.
  • Event Origin: The Deep Security component from which the event originated.
Log-only rules will only generate a log entry if the packet in question is not subsequently stopped either by a deny rule, or an allow rule that excludes it. If the packet is stopped by one of those two rules, those rules will generate a log entry and not the log-only rule. If no subsequent rules stop the packet, the log-only rule will generate an entry.

List of all firewall events

ID Event Notes
100 Out Of Connection A packet was received that was not associated with an existing connection.
101 Invalid Flags

Flag(s) set in a packet were invalid. This event can indicate that a flag does not make sense within the context of a current connection (if any), or that a nonsensical combination of flags.

"Firewall Stateful Configuration" must be On for connection context to be assessed.

102 Invalid Sequence A packet with an invalid sequence number or out-of-window data size was encountered.
103 Invalid ACK A packet with an invalid acknowledgment number was encountered.
104 Internal Error  
105 CE Flags A packet has congestion flags set and the policy's Anti Evasion settings use a custom configuration where the TCP Congestion Flags property is set to Log or Deny. (See Configure anti-evasion settings.)
106 Invalid IP Packet's source IP was not valid.
107 Invalid IP Datagram Length The length of the IP datagram is less than the length specified in the IP header.
108 Fragmented A fragmented packet was encountered and fragmented packets are not allowed.
109 Invalid Fragment Offset  
110 First Fragment Too Small

A fragmented packet was encountered, and the size of the first fragment is less than the size of a TCP packet (no data).

A packet is dropped with this event when the packet header has the following configuration:

  • Fragment Offset = 0 (The fragment is the first in the packet)
  • Total length (maximum combined header length) < 120 bytes (the default allowed minimum fragment size)

To prevent this event from occurring, configure the policy's Advanced Network Engine settings to use a lower value for the Minimum Fragment Size property, or set it to 0 to turn off this inspection. (See "Advanced Network Engine Options" in Advanced Network Engine settings.)

111 Fragment Out Of Bounds The offsets(s) specified in a fragmented packet sequence is outside the range of the maximum size of a datagram.
112 Fragment Offset Too Small A fragmented packet was encountered, the size of the fragment was less than the size of a TCP packet (no data).
113 IPv6 Packet An IPv6 Packet was encountered, and IPv6 blocking is enabled. See the "Block IPv6 on Agents and Appliances verions 9 and later" property in the Advanced Network Engine Options (see Advanced Network Engine settings.)
114 Max Incoming Connections The number of incoming connections has exceeded the maximum number of connections allowed. See the "Enable TCP stateful inspection" property in TCP packet inspection.
115 Max Outgoing Connections The number of outgoing connections has exceeded the maximum number of connections allowed. See the "Enable TCP stateful inspection" property in TCP packet inspection.
116 Max SYN Sent The number of half open connections from a single computer exceeds that specified in the firewall stateful configuration. See the "Limit the number of half-open connections from a single computer to" property in TCP packet inspection.
117 License Expired  
118 IP Version Unknown An IP packet other than IPv4 or IPv6 was encountered.
119 Invalid Packet Info  
120 Internal Engine Error Insufficient system memory. Add more system resources to fix this issue.
121 Unsolicited UDP Incoming UDP packets that were not solicited by the computer are rejected.
122 Unsolicited ICMP ICMP stateful has been enabled (in firewall stateful configuration) and an unsolicited packet that does not match any Force Allow rules was received.
123 Out Of Allowed Policy The packet does not meet any of the Allow or Force Allow rules and so is implicitly denied.
124 Invalid Port Command An invalid FTP port command was encountered in the FTP control channel data stream.
125 SYN Cookie Error The SYN cookies protection mechanism encountered an error.
126 Invalid Data Offset Invalid data offset parameter.
127 No IP Header The packet IP header is invalid or incomplete.
128 Unreadable Ethernet Header Data contained in this Ethernet frame is smaller than the Ethernet header.
129 Undefined  
130 Same Source and Destination IP Source and destination IPs were identical.
131 Invalid TCP Header Length  
132 Unreadable Protocol Header The packet contains an unreadable TCP, UDP or ICMP header.
133 Unreadable IPv4 Header The packet contains an unreadable IPv4 header.
134 Unknown IP Version Unrecognized IP version.
135 Invalid Adapter Configuration An invalid adapter configuration has been received.
136 Overlapping Fragment This packet fragment overlaps a previously sent fragment.
138 Packet on Closed Connection A packet was received belonging to a connection already closed.
139 Dropped Retransmit

The network engine detected a TCP Packet that overlaps with data already received on the same TCP connection but does not match the already-received data. (The network engine compares the packet data that was queued in the engine’s connection buffer to the data in the packet that was re-transmitted.)

The network engine reconstructs the sequenced data stream of each TCP connection it processes. The sequence number and length in the received packet specify a specific region in this data stream. The note field in the log indicates the location of the changed content in the TCP stream: prev-full, prev-part, next-full and next-part:

  • "prev-full" and "prev-part": The changed area is in the packet that immediately precedes the retransmitted packet in the sequenced data stream. "prev-full" indicates that the changed area is completely contained in the packet which immediately precedes the retransmitted packet in the sequenced data stream. Otherwise, the note is "prev-part".
  • “next-full” and “next-part": The changed area is in the packet that immediately follows the retransmitted packet in the sequenced data stream. "next-full" indicates that the changed area is completely contained in the packet that immediately follows the retransmitted packet in the sequenced data stream. Otherwise, the note is "next-part".
140 Undefined  
141 Out of Allowed Policy (Open Port)  
142 New Connection Initiated  
143 Invalid Checksum  
144 Invalid Hook Used  
145 IP Zero Payload  
146 IPv6 Source Is Multicast  
147 Invalid IPv6 Address  
148 IPv6 Fragment Too Small  
149 Invalid Transport Header Length  
150 Out of Memory  
151 Max TCP Connections The maximum number of TCP connections has been exceeded. See Event: Max TCP connections.
152 Max UDP Connections  
200 Region Too Big A region (edit region, uri etc) exceeded the maximum allowed buffering size (7570 bytes) without being closed. This is usually because the data does not conform to the protocol.
201 Insufficient Memory The packet could not be processed properly because resources were exhausted. This can be because too many concurrent connections require buffering (max 2048) or matching resources (max 128) at the same time or because of excessive matches in a single IP packet (max 2048) or simply because the system is out of memory.
202 Maximum Edits Exceeded The maximum number of edits (32) in a single region of a packet was exceeded.
203 Edit Too Large Editing attempted to increase the size of the region above the maximum allowed size (8188 bytes).
204 Max Matches in Packet Exceeded There are more than 2048 positions in the packet with pattern match occurrences. An error is returned at this limit and the connection is dropped because this usually indicates a garbage or evasive packet.
205 Engine Call Stack Too Deep  
206 Runtime Error Runtime error.
207 Packet Read Error Low level problem reading packet data.
257 Fail Open: Deny Log the packet that should be dropped but not when Fail-Open feature is on and in Inline mode.
300 Unsupported Cipher An unknown or unsupported cipher suite has been requested.
301 Error Generating Master Key(s) Unable to derive the cryptographic keys, Mac secrets, and initialization vectors from the master secret.
302 Record Layer Message (not ready) The SSL state engine has encountered an SSL record before initialization of the session.
303 Handshake Message (not ready) The SSL state engine has encountered a handshake message after the handshake has been negotiated.
304 Out Of Order Handshake Message A well formatted handshake message has been encountered out of sequence.
305 Memory Allocation Error The packet could not be processed properly because resources were exhausted. This can be because too many concurrent connections require buffering (max 2048) or matching resources (max 128) at the same time or because of excessive matches in a single IP packet (max 2048) or simply because the system is out of memory.
306 Unsupported SSL Version A client attempted to negotiate an SSL V2 session.
307 Error Decrypting Pre-master Key Unable to un-wrap the pre-master secret from the ClientKeyExchange message.
308 Client Attempted to Rollback A client attempted to rollback to an earlier version of the SSL protocol than that which was specified in the ClientHello message.
309 Renewal Error An SSL session was being requested with a cached session key that could not be located.
310 Key Exchange Error The server is attempting to establish an SSL session with temporarily generated key.
311 Maximum SSL Key Exchanges Exceeded The maximum number of concurrent key exchange requests was exceeded.
312 Key Too Large The master secret keys are larger than specified by the protocol identifier.
313 Invalid Parameters In Handshake An invalid or unreasonable value was encountered while trying to decode the handshake protocol.
314 No Sessions Available  
315 Compression Method Unsupported  
316 Unsupported Application-Layer Protocol An unknown or unsupported SSL Application-Layer Protocol has been requested.
385 Fail Open: Deny Log the packet that should be dropped but not when Fail-Open feature is on and in Tap mode.
500 URI Path Depth Exceeded Too many "/" separators. Max 100 path depth.
501 Invalid Traversal Tried to use "../" above root.
502 Illegal Character in URI Illegal character used in uri.
503 Incomplete UTF8 Sequence URI ended in middle of utf8 sequence.
504 Invalid UTF8 encoding Invalid or non-canonical encoding attempt.
505 Invalid Hex Encoding %nn where nn are not hex digits.
506 URI Path Length Too Long Path length is greater than 512 characters.
507 Invalid Use of Character Use of disabled characters
508 Double Decoding Exploit Double decoding exploit attempt (%25xx, %25%xxd, etc).
700 Invalid Base64 Content Packet content that was expected to be encoded in Base64 format was not encoded correctly.
710 Corrupted Deflate/GZIP Content Packet content that was expected to be encoded in Base64 format was not encoded correctly.
711 Incomplete Deflate/GZIP Content Incomplete Deflate/GZIP content
712 Deflate/GZIP Checksum Error Deflate/GZIP checksum error.
713 Unsupported Deflate/GZIP Dictionary Unsupported Deflate/GZIP dictionary.
714 Unsupported GZIP Header Format/Method Unsupported GZIP header format or method.
801 Protocol Decoding Search Limit Exceeded A protocol decoding rule defined a limit for a search or pdu object but the object was not found before the limit was reached.
802 Protocol Decoding Constraint Error A protocol decoding rule decoded data that did not meet the protocol content constraints.
803 Protocol Decoding Engine Internal Error  
804 Protocol Decoding Structure Too Deep A protocol decoding rule encountered a type definition and packet content that caused the maximum type nesting depth (16) to be exceeded.
805 Protocol Decoding Stack Error A rule programming error attempted to cause recursion or use to many nested procedure calls.
806 Infinite Data Loop Error